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Professor John Stewart

Old Stopfordian John Stewart (OS 1947) was born and brought up in Stockport. His father, David, was a doctor and a lecturer at Manchester University. His mother, Phyllis (nee Crossley), had worked at the Manchester Stationery Office before her marriage.

From Stockport Grammar School John Stewart won a place at Balliol College, Oxford. But first he did national service; he was posted to Iraq, where he caught polio and was invalided home. He came off relatively lightly, still able to walk. He went to Oxford in 1949, where he studied philosophy, politics and economics, and joined the Oxford Union. In 1951 he met Theresa Raisman, who was studying maths at Somerville College, and they married in 1953.

After graduating, John studied for a DPhil at Nuffield College, Oxford, on the influence of British pressure groups on the government. This was published in 1958. By then he was working for the National Coal Board, where he became head of industrial relations in the South Yorkshire coalfield. However, when the Conservative government appointed Alf Robens as NCB chair, he became disillusioned. John decided to move into academia, and in 1966 was appointed to lead work on British local government at INLOGOV; he was later made professor and then director.

He was appointed a professor at the Institute of Local Government Studies (INLOGOV) at the University of Birmingham in 1966. The following year he created the Advanced Management Development Programme, consisting of 10-week-long residential courses held at Wast Hills House outside Birmingham. These became stepping stones for local government officers with ambitions to become chief executives. It had its own culture – everything was off the record, there was no assessment or exams, references were not given on the basis of the courses. Through these courses John knew most of the chief executives of councils in England and Wales.

Through his work at the INLOGOV Professor Stewart became friend and mentor to hundreds of local authority chief executives and other senior officers, and to politicians from all political backgrounds.

This, and his articles in the Local Government Chronicle and Municipal Journal, written over nearly 40 years with Prof George Jones of the London School of Economics, made him the guru of British local government.

In 1974 John was asked to sit on the Layfield committee on local government finance. It was there that he met Jones, and the two of them had a major influence on the report, published in 1976, that made a convincing case for a local income tax to finance local government. But this was too much for the Wilson government, and then in the late 1980s the Conservatives replaced the rates with a poll tax. The opportunity for decentralisation and local democracy had been missed.

John retired in 1998. It gave him more time to work in his garden, travel, and talk to and play games with his children, grandchildren and eventually great-grandchildren. Articles written with Jones still appeared. Their last joint publication, Centralisation, Devolution and the Future of Local Government in England, written with Steve Leach, was published shortly after Jones’s death in 2018.

Professor Stewart sadly passed away on 3rd February 2023, aged 93.  Information kindly supplied by John’s daughter Selina Stewart.

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